Master thesis writing as a part of university study

Category: Thesis

How to write a degree thesis: everything you need to know

The time of writing the thesis is a moment of particular importance in the life of a student: the end of the university course. The choice of the teacher to ask for the thesis and the topic to be treated represents a strategic choice that should not be underestimated, above all because there could be professional repercussions from the thesis and therefore it is good to concentrate a lot and not make hasty choices. Writing the thesis, however, is not an impossible obstacle to overcome and it is good, before jumping into writing the various chapters, to read all the indications for a great success. Remember, however, that depending on the university you are attending, the degree thesis must have different settings, starting with the number of pages requested, the size (A4 / A5) and formatting.

Here’s where to start to write a perfect thesis:

  • Project
  • Structure of the thesis
  • Rules for writing
  • Ask someone to read it for you


The first thing that needs to be done is to identify a topic in which you are interested in a discipline. Writing a thesis means starting from a series of ideas / hypotheses and arriving at a series of statements / conclusions. From the moment you choose a topic, you must therefore set goals and ask yourself several questions:

“What question do you want to answer?”

“What will the thesis be useful for?”

“What are the questions you want to be answered by your research?”

Initially, the thesis can also answer very general questions, but the important thing is to have clear objectives and identify the best methods to give concrete answers.

A good project contains at least the following elements: –

  • summary (15 lines); –
  • Bibliography;
  • Description of the project;
  • Resources needed;
  • Project innovation;
  • Targets;
  • Expected results.

Structure of the thesis

When you start writing your thesis you have to consider the fact that you are writing a real textbook and therefore you will have to follow specific formatting and structure rules. A thesis generally consists of:

1. Index

Here the titles of the chapters, paragraphs and sections are written, numbered and complete with the number of pages.

2. Introduction and abstracts

4 or 5 pages of presentation of the work, which indicate the reasons that led to his writing and describe the methods of analysis chosen for its development.

3. Introductory chapters

In which to indicate context, background data, theories, description of the problem; applicative interests, scientific basis and state of the art, critical review of the literature.

3. Chapters

Generally it is a matter of writing 3 chapters that develop the topic you want to deal with according to the research methodology you are using.

4. Conclusions

There are 6 or 8 pages in which the work is summarized and has the aim to underline the objectives achieved and not achieved and to highlight the most interesting data.

5. Bibliography

The bibliography can be inserted both at the end of each chapter and at the end of the text, and is the list in alphabetical order of all the specialized texts or manuals used during the writing of the thesis. The bibliography can be written with single leading and a return for the text at the beginning.

6. Appendices

They are added to the end of the thesis and contain useful material, for the reader, to a greater understanding of what has been written.

7. Notes

They must be written at the bottom of the page or at the end of each chapter and may be a clarification of what is written in the text or a bibliographic reference. The footnotes are recommended because they facilitate the understanding of the text in an easier way.

Rules for writing

Generally writing the thesis is like writing a normal text document. In fact, the basic rules for punctuation must be taken into account. Remember that you need a space after the comma, the dot, the semicolon and the suspension points. Unlike the accented words that have the ending “e” as an ending, the other vowels always have a grave accent (more, so, fatality). The accent of words ending with the letter “e”, on the other hand, can be severe or acute. It will be serious on words like: è, caffè, alas. While it will be sharp for words like “why”, “so”, “nor”. These problems can be solved through the automatic word corrector.

Always choose a font that is legible. Prefer the reader rather than the aesthetics of the text.

Ask someone to read it for you

When you have finished re-reading the thesis, also ask someone else to do it for you. By now you will be addicted to what you have written and hardly to the tenth time that you have read again you will succeed in identifying errors.

At the end of the thesis enter the thanks, if you want, and take care of the title page and the cover. Remember that formatting, leading and the cover can be different depending on the faculty you are attending. In fact, for some universities, you will write a real A5 format book and you will also have to deal with the cover image. For others, however, the thesis will be more classic, in A4 format with a hardcover in leather.

Obviously, before going to discuss, find out how this will happen. If the presentation will take place in front of a large commission, prepare paper slides or brochures for distribution.